Rosetta’s Closest Approach to an Asteroid
It’s been a fascinating day today (Saturday, July 10) here at the hacienda — watching as images of Asteroid 21 Lutetia come pouring out across the IntarWebs from the European Space Agency’s Rosetta mission (which was built and is being run by a team of scientists from a consortium of 50 contractors in 14 European countries and the United States.
I was watching earlier today as the scientists sweated out the planned “loss of signal” from the spacecraft as it went through a maneuver.
It wasn’t long, however, before they were jubilantly reacting when the signal was reacquired. And, then just a few hours later, they were nearly weeping for joy as the first closeup images came streaming back from the spacecraft. It was a great moment for all the scientists and technical support staff who have worked on Rosetta for years.
The scene above is the closest approach image and, as you can easily see, 21 Lutetia is a battered worldlet, scarred with craters. If you enlarge the image, you’ll see evidence of boulders on the cratered surface, and in the central crater (middle of the image) it looks like there might be a little slumping along the crater wall
If you zoom in on the image above, you can see are grooves between the craters. They suggest some kind of action that has deformed the surface. Could they have been formed when the asteroid was whacked during an impact event? How old are they? How deep are they? All these and other questions await answers from the planetary scientists on the Rosetta mission.
There are more images to come, so keep an eye out at the Rosetta Blog for details on these and the rest of the fascinating views of 21 Lutetia. And, just to give you feel for the scale and distances involved, here’s a great view of the asteroid from a distance of 36,000 kilometers, with the planet Saturn in the background.
Woohoo!!! This is what the exhiliration of scientific discovery feels like. It’s a process that wakes you up to the amazing things that exist throughout the cosmos — from our planetary back yard to the most distant reaches of the universe. And, the good news is — there’s always more to discover! The next stop for Rosetta is a 2014 visit to comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko. Stay tuned!